Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[three] Additional commonly, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and material.

The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Firm rule in India.[seven][8]

The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word and also the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India in the 18th and 19th generations, as well as British impact on the broader Western entire world in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of manner. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by Women of all ages of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It was adopted from the Mohammedans by Europeans being an post of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Some others pidžame through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many individuals opt to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night time suits.

Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently make use of a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are various variants in style including limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length,[16] or, now and again, one-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one particular-piece), and may be footed.

Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time bundled the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of brief dress best above shorts or quick pants.[18]

Pajamas could right now confer with Gals's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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