Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various related varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[2] also by the two sexes.[three] Additional generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variations of favor and materials.

The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][six] The initial pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Company rule in India.[seven][8]

The around the world utilization of pajamas (the word as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell from fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western earth as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Women of all ages of varied lessons, by Sikh Males, and most by Mohammedans of the two sexes. It had been adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans as an post of dishabille and of evening attire, and is synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is possible that we English took the routine just like a fantastic many Other people from your Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become pidzame Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers combination product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket ingredient normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys will often be marketed as separates.

In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas are often identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening suits.

Some pajamas element a drop seat (often called a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, meant to enable the wearer to conveniently pidzame utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-initial century They can be rather uncommon.
Modern day

Present-day pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many materials. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often pidzame have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and may additionally be footed.

While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of quick dress leading more than shorts or short trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may possibly nowadays consult with Females's mixture daywear, especially in the US where by they turned common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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